I've been reading Take Back Your Life!: Using Microsoft Office Outlook to Get Organized and Stay Organized by Sally McGhee. (That's an Amazon link to her book for Outlook 2007; here's a link to an earlier edition of her book for prior versions of Outlook.)
Many of McGhee's ideas are similar to David Allen's Getting Things Done.
McGhee, however, dives into the specific details of setting up a smart personal management system using MS Outlook.
To get a sense of McGhee's approach, she has some good Outlook management suggestions over on Microsoft's site.